Supervision on Criminals through Electronic systems and its criminological challenges
AbstractObjective: Using electronic systems to find an alternative for punishment of imprisonment as a subsequent reply to a criminal phenomenon on one hand should be known as to eradicate and decrease harmful social, economic, moral and psychological effects of extensive use of punishment of imprisonment and on the other hand should be analyzed and interpreted as to provide a background of realization of purposes and philosophy of punishment of delinquents, i.e. correction and rehabilitation of criminals and as a result decrease and control of delinquency. Methodology: In this research, electronic supervision is studied as a middle punishments or alternatives of imprisonment from its different aspects especially with regard to French Criminal Law. Results: In Iran, electronic supervision for the first time was predicted in Iranian Islamic Penal Code (approved in 2013.2.1). Conclusion: Therefore, this study aims to investigate advantages and disadvantages of electronic supervision, implementation ability, correction and rehabilitation of systems of electronic supervision in Iranian Legal System.