The conditions of Lao Hmong refugees in Thailand and the United States of America During the term (1975-1995)
AbstractThis paper examines the situation of Hmong refugees in Thailand and the United States after fleeing Laos in 1975 as a result of the communists taking power in the country, and their constant attempts to avenge them for standing by the United States in the war they fought in Vietnam since 1964. The poor living conditions of the Hmong in refugee camps in Thailand, and the attitude of the Thai authorities to the waves of displacement that lasted until 1983. On the other hand, the situation of Hmong refugees who moved to the United States turned out to be good compared to that of Thailand. Many Hmong have turned to education, enrolled in universities and took a number of jobs. Many young people cited aspects of Western culture, which changed the lifestyle and social patterns of the Hmong in Laos. But political changes in the world since the late 1980s have called for Western countries to step back from providing economic aid or attracting refugees wishing to live on their territory, angered by the Thai government, which announced the closure of refugee camps and the return of the Hmong to Laos, especially after it improved Relations between the Thai and Lao governments. Meanwhile, the United States has declared its solidarity with the Thai government's moves to close the camps, despite a wave of Hmong protests in the United States since 1990, and continued until the last refugee camp in Thailand in 1995.