Investigation of Development of Micro Grid with Electric Vehicles to Manage Network Energy to Manage Costs
AbstractThe increasing penetration of scattered energy sources in electricity distribution systems, on the one hand, and environmental and economic concerns on the other hand, has led to the emergence of a new concept called micro grid in modern power grids. In addition to the economic, technical and environmental benefits, optimal operation of the micro grid can increase the resilience of the power system, that is, its ability to predict and limit the effects of various events that can lead to the power outage of part of the network. Also, with the increase in the number of electric vehicles as an environmentally friendly transport system, it has been possible to use them as energy storage in micro grids; this can be exploited by their presence in micro grids to mitigate the negative effects of fluctuations in renewable energy sources as well as to supply part of the energy required by the micro grid in island operation. In this dissertation, a model is developed for developing a micro grid of Electric Vehicles. The purpose of the proposed problem is to minimize the total cost of operating the grid, including the cost of locally sourced production, the cost of purchasing energy from the main grid with a demand response plan.