Studying the role of lands reforms in possession of endowed properties
AbstractEndowment is one of the important Islamic traditions which has existed since the time of generous prophet (peace be upon him) and has been considered in the eras of innocent Imams (peace be upon them) and abundant emphases to it have been mentioned in the Islamic narrations. Methodology: during the history, important works have been done by endowments; many scientific-therapeutic centers, religious schools and social good works have been done through this way, the Muslims of the world have utilized and utilize of the endowments blessings abundantly; but, in the period of land reforms which was executed by Reza Khan, many endowed properties were changed a lot that at current article, this important issue was considered. Results: The results of study indicate that in the first and second stages of land reforms law with regard to this issue that in the womb of lands included in this law, there were a lot of endowed lands, the endowments were suffered from severe damages. In the first stage of land reforms of selling the endowment, it was accepted about special endowments and then in the second stage, the public endowments were included in selling; but, third stage of land reforms law didn’t included the endowed lands; but, in the law of dividing and selling the rented properties to the revenue farmers, approved in 1969/1/13, the endowments were considered again in a manner that in the article 8 of law. Conclusion: It was ordained that the special endowments which have been rented according to the former laws should be converted to the better cases.
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