Effectiveness of Emotional Intelligence on Increasing the Psychological Dimension of Quality of Life of Mothers of Educable Mentally Retarded Children in Esfahan in 2014-2013


  • Mahbobeh Eisvandi Islamic Azad University of Khomeinishahr, Khomeinishahr Branch
  • Yousef Gorji Islamic Azad University of Khomeinishahr, Khomeinishahr Branch
  • Farzaneh Niknejadi Islamic Azad University of Khomeinishahr, Khomeinishahr Branch




The birth of the child with mental retardation and challenging in every household can be considered adverse events probably stress, frustration, sorrow and despair will follow. In such situations, although all members of the family and its function, damage however, due to the traditional role of mothers 'care' more responsibility for their ability to take small children as a result, physical and mental problems faced by, and affect the quality of their lives, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of emotional intelligence on increasing the psychological dimension of quality of life of mothers of educable mentally retarded children in Esfahan. Methodology: The population of the study, all mothers’ educable mentally retarded children studying in primary schools related to the education of children is unique city. Sampling for this study was a cluster randomized manner. 30 subjects were randomly selected and randomly divided into two groups were divided and tested. To collect data from the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (BREEF) was used. Results: After the pre-test, Experimental group participated in 12 sessions of one hour and a half, intervention in the control group, received none. At the end of each post-test was used. The psychological effect of emotional intelligence to manage the quality of life of mothers of children with educable mentally retarded analysis of covariance was used. Conclusion: Results indicate approval of the research question) Emotional Intelligence: (p ≤0.01) 


Ali-Zadeh Darbandi, H. 2006. Determining the performance skills of emotional intelligence, emotional intelligence to boost female students (with low emotional intelligence) of high school in Mashhad. Master thesis. University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation.

Bryant, B. R. 2012. Assistive technology and support provision for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Introduction to the topical issue. Journal of Special Education Technology, 27(2), 1-2.

Cadman, C., & Brewer, J. 2001. Emotional intelligence: a vital prerequisite for recruitment in nursing. Journal of Nursing Management, 9(6), 321-324.

Chawla, P. A., & Lamba, P. P. 2013. FROM CHOUPALS TO ONLINE CHOUPALS. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 1(1), 62-66. Retrieved from https://giapjournals.com/index.php/hssr/article/view/hssr119.

Chou, Y. C., Chiao, C., & Fu, L. Y. 2011. Health status, social support, and quality of life among family carers of adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) in Taiwan. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 36(1), 73-79.

Fletcher, I., Leadbetter, P., Curran, A., & O'Sullivan, H. 2009. A pilot study assessing emotional intelligence training and communication skills with 3rd year medical students. Patient education and counseling, 76(3), 376-379.

Ghanizadeh, A., & Moafian, F. (2009). The role of EFL teachers’ emotional intelligence in their success. ELT journal, 64(4), 424-435.

Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B. P., Lochner, K., & Prothrow-Stith, D. 1997. Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. American journal of public health, 87(9), 1491-1498.

May, J. F. 2012. World population policies: Their origin, evolution, and impact. Springer Science & Business Media.

McConkey, R., Truesdale-Kennedy, M., Chang, M. Y., Jarrah, S., & Shukri, R. 2008. The impact on mothers of bringing up a child with intellectual disabilities: A cross-cultural study. International journal of nursing studies, 45(1), 65-74.

Moafian, F., & Ghanizadeh, A. (2009). The relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ emotional intelligence and their self-efficacy in Language Institutes. System, 37(4), 708-718.

Safari Shirazi, H. 2004. Comparison of quality of life for mentally handicapped girls 14-20 years old, uses the services of professional training similar to those of the private sector Tehran government.

Yoong, A., & Koritsas, S. (2012). The impact of caring for adults with intellectual disability on the quality of life of parents. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 56(6), 609-619