Impossibility of Realization of Immaterial Plurality of Crime in Iranian Criminal Law


  • Hormoz Sohrabi Zolmabadi Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch



Immaterial plurality is a case in which the perpetrator commits one action but encounters several criminal titles.  This rule has been predicted in the criminal laws of many countries. Methodology: In criminal laws of Iran this rule is just anticipated for Ta'ziri crimes and some conditions are necessary for its realization such as its Ta'zir nature, unity of behaviour, realization of numerous titles, and the possibility punishing the criminal in relation to each one of the titles. Results: Since the subject is vague, the domestic foreign lawyers have different ideas in this regard. In this article it has been tried to investigate this principle in common classification of crimes with each other and to prove that this principle is not realized in each classification of simple and compound, instantaneous and continuous, absolute and bound crimes and also in offences of omission. Conclusion: Moreover, it rejects the possibility of realization of immaterial plurality of crimes through careful and detailed review of Iran Penal Statutes. 


Afrasiabi, M. 1998. General Criminal Law, Tehran: Ferdowsi Publications.

Ali Abadi, A. 1989. Criminal Law, Ferdowsi Publications.

Ardebili, M. A. 2008. General Criminal Law, Tehran: Mizan Publications.

Baheri, M. A. 1961. General Criminal Law, Tehran University Press.

Elham, GH. 1993. Jurisprudence and Legal Bases of Plurality of Crimes. Tehran: Bashari Publications.

Garv, R. 1965. Theoretical and Scientific Studies in Criminal Justice, (Translated by Neqabt, Z), 3.

Khakpoor, M. 1968. Set of Terms and opinions about the Plurality of Crimes. Tehran: Bita.

Kurrani, M. 2000. Comparison of Plurality of Crimes in Criminal Law of Lebanon, Iran & France. Master's thesis of Criminal Law and Criminology.

Imam Sadiq University.

Nurbaha, R. 2001. Criminal Law Background, Treasure of Knowledge, (Fifth Edition). Tehran.

Peimani. Z. 1995. Historical and Comparative Study of Plurality of Crime. Publications of Research Assistance of Council of Higher Education of Qom.

Saki, M. 2008. General Criminal Law, Introductory Course of General Criminal Law with the Introduction of New Legislation of Islamic Penal Code. Tehran: Jangal Javdaneh.

Shahri, G. 1996. Sotoodeh Jahromi, S. The opinions of the Judiciary. Law Department in Criminal Matters, 1.

Shambiati, H. 2003. General Criminal Law, Vol. 2. Majd Publications.

Taheri Nasab, S. Y. 2002. Plurality and Repetition of Crime in Criminal Law. Tehran: Daneshvar.

The Judicial Branch, Department of Education. 1999. Judicial Meetings on Criminal Law, Office of Planning and Preparing Training Materials. Tehran: Javdaneh.

Zeraat, A. 2006. General Criminal Law. Tehran: Phoenix Publications.