Anthropological study of the first decade of Muharram mourning ceremonies in Kerman

Seyed Muhammadreza Razavi Parizi, Hossein Rahimpour Moradi, Abdolali Ravanbakhsh, Mashallah Keshavarz


Muharram is a deep and profound event with extensive and effective dimensions on mankind and human history. The incident conquers all aspects of human and historic life and creates a new meaning. Methodology: Mourning of Muharram in Kerman is not a simple religious phenomenon, but it has such quality which reveals characteristics of an alive and active cultural and social expression. The purpose of this research is to understand the detailed description of the Muharram ceremony in Kerman as a cultural heritage and analyze demographic and social functions at the present time the event in the population. This study seeks to rely on ethnographic method and presents detailed and objective description (without value deduction) of traditions and customs of mourning in the city of Kerman. Results: This study tries to review social and cultural functions of this event in the life, based on the theories of Durkheim. The findings classified in two general categories ((Quality mourning ceremony)) and ((signs and symbols in mourning)). Conclusion: The general result is that people participating in Ashura and Muharram, will find collective identity and social dignity and their individuality will be in the service of ((collective consciousness)). Signs and symbols used in the funeral derived from the studied population show their attachment to a specific collection.


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