The necessity of using community-centered approach in crisis management and using the experiences of other countries

Maryam Alinejad, Sina Ettehadi, Nematollah Hasani

Abstract


The crisis consists of extreme fragmentation in the activities of a society in which process human beings, agricultural and environmental assets in large-scale have severe injuries so that the community can only give help from their available resources. Methodology: Crises classified based on its speed and severity which often occur suddenly or slowly or based on its cause is natural or man-made. Studies have shown that among the 40 species of natural disasters ever recorded about 31 species occurred in Iran and the only deaths caused by the earthquake are included only 17% of all disaster deaths in the world. The most common disasters happening in Iran include: Earthquakes, floods, droughts, landslides, winds and devastating storms and thunderbolt. The mortality rate in coping with the disaster is very high in developing countries that one of its agents is the lack of a solid foundation and strong economic infrastructure, which otherwise lack acting about this issue the issue of disasters can slow or halt the process of development of these countries. Results: This paper first the necessity of using the community-based approach to prevent and cope with crises has been studied and then experiences of selected countries in the field of  people-centered crisis management evaluated and compared. Conclusion: The studied experiences has shown studied in different countries that taken measures in the different stages of the cycle of crisis management, especially the prevention and preparedness have the highest and best effects that community involvement exists at the local community till all levels of academia government and the international community. This confirms the need for the community-based approach in crisis management.

 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24200/jmas.vol7iss02pp74-79

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